Glossary of Terms
Descriptions of Strand and Cable Terminology.
Filament of metal reduced to its final shape, size and physical properties by process of drawing through dies, usually rounded in shape.
Multiple wires that are laid together helically and symmetrically arranged with uniform pitch or lay.
Multiple strands that are laid together helically and symmetrically arranged in multiple layers with uniform pitch or lay.
Substance having metallic properties composed of two or more chemical elements intimately mixed and dissolved in each other when in molten state.
Lay Length Or Pitch
Distance in a straight line, measured for a wire to make one complete spiral around the center or theoretical center of a strand or cable – either wound left hand “S” or right hand “Z”.
Treatment of product to reduce processing stresses built up in metal. Can be completed mechanically, thermally or with a combination of both.
Process of material being heated and cooled to reduce embrittlement and increase elongation.
Relative strength of metal based on breaking strength and area, usually expressed in pounds per square inch (PSI), Newtons/mm2 (N/mm2) or Kilograms/mm2 (Kg/mm2).
Force required to mechanically fracture metal, expressed in pounds (lbs.), Newtons (N) or Kilograms (Kg).
The measurement of the outside width of the finished strand or cable. For shaped products this includes width and thickness.
Range of variance allowed for mechanical and chemical attributes.