Glossary of Terms

Descriptions of Strand and Cable Terminology.

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Wire

Filament of metal reduced to its final shape, size and physical properties by process of drawing through dies, usually rounded in shape.

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Strand

Multiple wires that are laid together helically and symmetrically arranged with uniform pitch or lay.

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Cable

Multiple strands that are laid together helically and symmetrically arranged in multiple layers with uniform pitch or lay.

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Alloy

Substance having metallic properties composed of two or more chemical elements intimately mixed and dissolved in each other when in molten state.

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Lay Length Or Pitch

Distance in a straight line, measured for a wire to make one complete spiral around the center or theoretical center of a strand or cable – either wound left hand “S” or right hand “Z”.

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Stress Relieved

Treatment of product to reduce processing stresses built up in metal. Can be completed mechanically, thermally or with a combination of both.

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Anneal

Process of material being heated and cooled to reduce embrittlement and increase elongation.

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Tensile

Relative strength of metal based on breaking strength and area, usually expressed in pounds per square inch (PSI), Newtons/mm2 (N/mm2) or Kilograms/mm2 (Kg/mm2).

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Breaking Strength

Force required to mechanically fracture metal, expressed in pounds (lbs.), Newtons (N) or Kilograms (Kg).

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Overall Diameter

The measurement of the outside width of the finished strand or cable. For shaped products this includes width and thickness.

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Tolerance

Range of variance allowed for mechanical and chemical attributes.

Multiple Standard Constructions Available.

Constructions